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| Last Updated:: 17/02/2017

Ground Water Status

Source: Department of Planning, Uttar Pradesh (as per Annual Plan 2014-15)

 

Ground Water

 

Ground Water Department, U.P. is the ‘Nodal Agency ’ in the State for Ground water development, management and planning, and it is primarily engaged in  ground water survey, resource investigation and its estimation in the State.

 

Challenges & lssues

Ground water is a vital resource, providing 80 % of drinking water supplies and almost all the industrial needs of the State. Growing dependence and unregulated use of ground water has eventually put an adverse impact on the resource domain in the form of unsustainable over-extraction and subsequent lowering of ground water levels in both rural and urban areas.Scenario with respect to National situation:In India, net annual ground water resource availability (as on 31st March,2009)has been estimated as 396.06 bcm, while the annual ground water draft(withdrawl)has been estimated as 243.32 bcm with ground water development reaching to stage of 61 % in comparison to 58%as estimated on 31 st March,2004 .Based on the above estimation,802 Blocks/Talukas have been categorized as Over-exploited , 169 as Critical and 523 as Semi-critical.

 

State Ground water Scenario:

The ground water Development has increased from 69%in 2004 to 72%in 2009 ,crossing the threshold limit of 70% .As such, ground water stressed areas are continuously increasing. In 2004 ,stressed blocks were 138,which increased to 215 in 2009 with 76 blocks categorized as Over-exploited,32 as Critical and 107 as Semi –critical.The severity of ground water situation can be assessed from the fact that 629 out of 820 blocks are witnessing decline in ground water level. Situation in urban areas is still more grim, where water level is declining at much faster rate.

 

Priorities and Goals: 

  • For sustainable Ground water management in the State, following goals and priorities have been identified for the 12th Plan:
  • Development of Ground water Regulatory Mechanism in the state.
  • Advanced approaches for resource study/investigation
  • Mapping of Aquifers and Aquifer management.
  • Developing Area-specific technological inputs and formulation of comprehensive ground water recharge schemes for implementation in stressed blocks/cities.
  • Data management and development of Ground Water Information System.
  • Setting up of Ground water Recharge Scheme feasibility assessment Cell.
  • Development of Information ,Education and Communication(IEC)skills/Capacity building for ground water conservation and management in stressed areas with assistance of NGO,RWA, academic Institution.
  • Strengthening of ground water research and development sector in the State in project mode.

 

Major thrust areas:

  • The major thrust area will be implementation and monitoring of comprehensive Ground Water Policy in U.P. The other thrust areas shall be
  • Validation of GW norms and formulation of Urban norms.
  • Formulation and Implementation of Comprehensive Recharge Projects.
  • District Ground water reports.

 

Proposed Schemes:

  • The strategies/goals including some new initiatives(based on the recommendations of working group& goals of National Water Mission) are set for the 12th Plans envisaged/clubbed under the following schemes, as taken up for the 11th Plan-
  • Development of Ground Water estimation and strengthening of Ground Water Survey;
  • Rain water harvesting & Recharging ;
  • Preparation of GIS based maps ; and
  • Aquifer mapping & aquifer parameter tests.
  • Scheme wise details of programmes are given as follows: 

 

  • Development of Ground water estimation  and strengthening of Ground water survey

 

  • Resource Monitoring and Assessment

 

  • Monitoring of ground water level on Hydrograph Stations.
  • Block wise estimation of Ground water resource (as per GEC-97 norms) with periodicity of 02 years.
  • Refinement/improvement of ground water draft norms.
  • Remote Sensing application to provide/refine the inputs. lsotope application for recharge studies. (This works may be taken up in project mode)
  • Studies for evolving Urban ground water estimation norms.

 

  • Strengthening of Hydrograph Stations (both rural and urban)

 

  •  lntegration and preparation of Ground water Quality database/mapping (both rural and urban)
  •  Preparation of District Ground Water Reports for sustainable resource management
  •  Ground water resource awareness and Development of lEC skills &Capacity building
  •  lnstitutional and infrastructural strengthening of Ground Water Department
  •  Ground Water legislation.
  •  Procurement of Softwares/digital data & Technical upgradation.

 

  • Aquifer mapping and Aquifer parameter tests

 

  • Aquifer mapping & preparation of Aquifer Management plans for stressed areas.
  • Aquifer Parameter tests:  Aquifer Parameter tests on unconfined aquifers are proposed to be carried out to validate/refine various norms prevailing in different hydrogeological settings.

 

  • Preparation of G.l.S. based maps

 

  • Analysis of groun water data and GLS based Ground water Mapping

 

  • Rain water Harvesting

 

  • Review and updation of ground water recharge guidelines.
  • Formulation of Comprehensive Recharge projects for the stressed areas.
  • Comprehensive strengthening of the department as Agency.
  • Maintenance of old Roof Top Rain Water Harvesting structures.

 

 

SOURCE: DIRECTORATE OF GROUND WATER, U.P.

 GROUND WATER DEPARTMENT, U.P. REGIONWISE GROUND WATER RESOURCE ESTIMATION (AS ON 01-04-2004)

 

SL NO.

NAME OF THE DISTRICT

NET G.W. AVAILABILITY(ham.)

ANNUAL DRAFT FOR ALL USES (ham.)

 

 

NET G.W. AVAILABILITY FOR FUTURE USE (ham.)

STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT(%)

BUNDEL KHAND

1

BANDA

80503 45

29552 49

50950.96

36 71

2

CHITRAKUT

28902.89

10641 76

18261.13

36.82

3

HAMIRPUR

72879 31

41778.59

31100 72

57 33

4

JALAUN

88574.44

28783.85

59790.59

32 50

5

JHANSI

66823 61

28616 90

38206.71

42.82

6

LALITPUR

62274.29

32195 90

300/8 39

51.70

7

MAHOBA

42341.92

20978 59

21363.33

49.55

 

TOTAL

442299.91

192548.08

249751.83

43.53

CENTRAL REGION

1

BARABANKI

167360.57

101104.48

66256.09

60 41

2

FATEHPUR

129376.09

91241 00

38135.09

70 52

3

HARDOI

157525.53

113239 16

44286.37

71 89

4

KANPUR DEHAT

89107.99

44002.81

45105.18

49.38

5

KANPUR NAGAR

92661.76

62393 11

30268 65

67 33

6

LAKHIMPURKHERI

272856.41

165032 33

107824.08

60 48

7

LUCKNOW

68532.78

55658 53