Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Wednesday, October 21, 2020

Water Sector

Source: Planning Department, U.P. as per Annual Plan 2014-15

 

Water Supply and Sanitation

Water supply and sanitation are important basic needs affecting the quality of life and productive efficiency of the people. Since the availability of water in the country is going down, in general, with depletion of water table and the discharge of the rivers, a review of the requirements of the water was necessitated. The govt. of India changed the requirement levels of the rate of water supply to the individual and other users. The rates of water supply defined in the manual on water supply and treatment in May 1999 by govt. of India are as under.

  1. Metropolitan and Mega-cities                                       :               150 lpcd
  2. Other towns having sewerage facility                           :               135 lpcd 
  3. Other towns having no sewerage facility                       :               70   lpcd

In U.P., there are 630 local bodies out of which there are 13 Nagar Nigam, 194 Nagar Palika Parishad and 423 Nagar Panchayat whose total population according to 2001 census is 3.45 crores, and as per census 2011 the population is 4.45 crore which is assessed to be 12.838 crore in the year 2040. All towns are provided with piped drinking water facility except 3 Nagar Panchayats. The works in two towns is in progress and for one town named Dumariaganj district Siddhartha Nagar, the D.P.R. is under preparation and will be covered soon with piped water supply scheme under suitable programme. As per position of 01-04-2014 drinking water availability, against norms, in towns is as following.

 

As on 01-04-2014

  1. 100% or more availability as pre norms           277 towns
  2. More than 75% & <100% water supply           142 towns
  3. More than 50% & < 75% water supply            126 towns
  4. More than 25% & < 50% water supply            82 towns
  5. Without piped w/s                                                  3 towns

                                    Total                                    630 towns

For improving the conditions of water supply and sanitation by providing handpumps, extension of pipe lines, maintenance of tube wells, etc. necessary provisions has been made.

Ganga Action Plan- Phase-II

Ganga Action Plan-Phase-II is being executed in the state under National River Conservation Programme of Government of India. Under this scheme, river pollution control works of 23 (including 5 towns of GAP-I) towns situated on the bank of river Ganga, Yamuna and Gomti are covered. In GAP-II project under Ganga Component 5 sewage Treatment Plant of 35.56 mld capacity in Allahabad, Anupshahar & Vindhyachal (Mirzapur) under Yamuna Action Plan-Phase-I component 16 sewage Treatment Plants of 402.79 mld capacity and Under Yamuna Action Plan-Phase-II component 2 sewage Treatment Plants of 14 mld and 40 mld capacity have been constructed and made operational. In addition under Gomti Action component in Phase-I, 1 sewage Treatment Plant of 42 mld in Lucknow, 1 STP of 5 Mld in Sultanpur and in Gomti Phase-II one STP of 345 Mld capacity in Lucknow town have been constructed and made operational. Under this 3 Components of Ganga Action Plan Phase-II 25 sewage Treatment Plants of 888.35 mld capacity have been constructed.  Under GAP-II following schemes are under execution:-                                                                            

  1. Scheme for laying of Rising main under Naini bridge (Allahabad)       
  2. Construction of STP in north & west zone and Sewerage Scheme under Yamuna Action Plan (Phase -II) in  Agra.       
  3. Intermediate Pumping Station - I.P.S.( at Munshipurva (Kanpur)
  4. I.P.S. at Rakhimadi (Kanpur)               
  5. Bakarmandi  to Rakhimandi reliving Sewer (Kanpur)
  6. Tapping of Halwakhanda & Ganda Nala at (Kanpur)
  7. M.P.S & Campus development work (Kanpur)                                                                          

National Ganga River Basin Plan

National Ganga River Basin Plan has been launched with the aim that by year 2020 no untreated domestic / industrial waste water will be allowed to discharge in the River Ganga. In the Mission Clean Ganga an authority named NGRBA has been formed to monitor the relevant pollution abetment works as well as guide the State level Authorities. Following schemes are under execution under this scheme:-

  1. Sewerage & non Sewerage works for Allahabad City
  2. Pollution Control works for Ramganga river, Moradabad      
  3. Sewerage works & construction of STP, Garhmukteshwar
  4. Sewerage works & construction of STP, Kannauj
  5. Sewerage Dist.-E Interceptor & Branch Sewer for  Allahabad
  6. River front development works for Varanasi              
  7. Sewerage and Non Sewerage Ganga work Plan (phase-II), Varanasi(JICA)   
  8. In addition to above on-going schemes under NGRBA 21 new schemes for Municipal wastewater, Industrial pollution, and River Front Development works are being proposed to be under taken by the State River Ganga Conservation Authority.  

Lake Conservation Plan

 In the 10th meeting of National River Conservation Authority (NRCA) under the chairmanship of Hon'ble  Prime Minister, Government Of India held on 13.03.2001, the decision was taken that "National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP) shall receive the same priority  as the rivers. As per above decision of Government of India, the Project for 4 lakes namely, Ramgarh Tal (Gorakhpur), Laxmi Tal (Jhansi), Mansi Ganga Tal (Goverdhan, Dist-Mathura) and Madan sagar Tal (Mahoba) of the state were proposed under NLCP.  Out of the 4 lakes of State the Mansi Ganga Tal, Goverdhan (Dist- Mathura) is first priority schemes of State Government. The detailed project report of Mansi Ganga Tal costing Rs. 2271.00 lacs has been approved by the Government of India in March, 2007 and the works are under progress.

For the Pollution prevention of Ramgarh Tal Gorakhpur, a DPR amounting Rs. 12432.00 lacs has been sanctioned by Government of India in financial year 2010-11 and works of this project are under execution.  In addition to above two lakes for the Pollution prevention of Laxmi Tal Jhansi, a DPR amounting Rs. 6277.55 lacs has been prepared and submitted to Govt. of India through State Govt. for approval. For prevention of Pollution of Madan Sagar lake of Mahoba Town a project is under prepration.

Agra-Water Supply Project - Gangajal (JBIC Assisted)

At present River Yamuna is main source of raw water for Agra Water Supply Project. Water of River Yamuna is highly Polluted. The level of pollution is beyond the capacity of the conventional water treatment plants to treat it. Since the Quality of Yamuna water is deteriorating day by day, it was an urgent need to search for alternate good quality water source for Agra/Mathura. Seeing public hue and cry, water crisis and city's heritage value the Government opted to bring Ganga Jal for water supply for the city of Agra & Mathura. This project is being financed by Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) now Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). 85% of the cost of project is proposed to be financed by JICA while balance 15% of the cost is to be shared by Govt. of U.P.

In this project 150 cusecs of water is to be conveyed through 130 km of pipe line from head works near Palra Regulator (Distt. Bulandshahar) to Agra & Mathura city. Out of 150 cusecs of water 10 cusecs of water is proposed to be provided to Mathura and balance 140 cusecs to Agra.                                             

JBIC Assisted Varanasi Sewerage Project Under Ganga Action Plan (Phase-II)

This project of sewerage works for Varanasi town amounting to Rs, 496.90 crore is being implemented with the assistance of Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA). The Project cost shall be borne in the ratio of 85:15 by Central and State Govt.  Date of commencement of the project is Oct. 2010 and proposed date of completion of the project is 31.03.2015. The works proposed under this project is comprised of construction of 140 mld STP at Sathawa and other major components of the project are Interceptor, Secondary & Releaving Trunk Sewer, Sewage Pumping Stations at  Chauka ghat, Phulwariya & Saraiya ghat, Rising Main, Remodeling of canal, LCS & Land Acquisition etc. The Sanctioned Project comprises of 16 Packages of sewerage component and 4 packages of non-sewerage component  which are to be executed by Varanasi Nagar Nigam.

 

Rural Water Supply

Providing  Safe & Potable drinking water for all, at all times, in rural habitations by empowering PRIs for Planning, Implementation  and O&M of Water supply systems through DWSM and VWSCs, under National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)  .

Strategy

Keeping in view the objectives of National Rural Drinking Water Supply Programme, following strategy adopted in the XII Five Year Plan is being followed in the Annual Plan:-

  1. Empowering PRIs their capacity building and devolution of sufficient funds to enable them to play decisive role in project formulation, implementation and O&M of infrastructure projects.
  2. DWSM/DWSC and VWSC will be given decisive role in implementation of NRDWP.
  3. Social Audit and 3rd Party Monitoring of various programmes /schemes will be strengthened. Independent Directorate of Social Audit will be established.
  4. Availability of Engineering/Technical Assistance and Managerial Assistance to the PRIs will be increased.
  5. Impact Analysis Studies by reputed Institutions/Experts can play constructive role in Course Correction and timely interventions, which will be generously resorted to during the Plan period. 
  6. Special emphasis on Region Specific Interventions and Innovations to address regional imbalances, resulting in lopsided development, will be adopted.
  7. Capacity Building and regular training of PRIs and officials and skill development.
  8. As per the guidelines of  GoI, atleast 90% of the population is to be covered with Piped water Supply schemes by the year 2022, and in light of this, GoI proposes to allocate only 10% of NRDWSP funds for installation of Hand Pumps. Since, almost 90% of the population is presently served by IM-II HPs, out of which a significant no. have become defunct and need to be replaced for maintaining supply of safe water, either due to becoming outlive or other reasons such as failure of bore and lowering of water strata. In light of this the work of installation of new HPs and Re-boring needs to be continued along with increasing the pace of implementation of PWS.
  9. As a strategy to attain the objectives of providing safe and sustainable drinking water supply, the state is taking action to provide Pipe Water Supply to all the rural population in phased manner. Initially PWS for villages with quality problem and villages with population more than 8000 are being taken up in phased manner. In the rural habitations affected with Arsenic and Fluoride contamination, dual water supply system by combining in-situ treatment with alternate safe sources is being provided.

World Bank project in Uttar Pradesh:

Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project for Low Income States (RWSSP-LIS), is being implemented in 10 Eastern UP districts (Gorakhpur, Kushi Nagar, Deoria, Basti, Ghazipur, Ballia, Allahabad, Sonbhadra, Bahraich and Gonda) with an estimated population coverage of about 28 lakh, with the assistance of the World Bank and The Govt. of India. The Project will be implemented over a period of 6 years, from 2013-14 to 2019-20.

Salient features Annual Plan for 2014-15 under NRDWP components:

A total no. of 26000 rural habitations are proposed to be covered during 2014-15, in the following     manner:

  1. 3000 Quality affected habitations to be covered with safe water supply through Pipe Water Supply Schemes or Treatment Unit based PWS schemes.
  2.  4000 Non quality affected habitations are to be covered with Pipe water Supply schemes.