Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Monday, February 6, 2023

National Languages Of India

 India has 22 languages which have been given the grade of National Languages

1.

Assamese

It is an Indo­Aryan language and is the official language of Assam.

2.

Bengali

It is one of the leading Indo­Aryan languages and is the official language of West Bengal.

3.

Gujarati

It is an Indo­Aryan language and is the official language of Gujarat.

4.

Hindi

The largest spoken Indo­Aryan language. It is official language of the Government of India.  Various dialects of Hindi are Khariboli, Brajbhasga, Bundeli, Awadhi, Marwari, Maithili and Bhojpuri. In 6 states and UTs, Hindi is the official language.

5.

Kannada

It belongs to the Dravidian family & is the official language of Karnataka.

6.

Kashmiri

It is an Indo­Aryan language. It is often mistaken as the official language of Jammu and Kashmir.

7.

Konkani

It is the official language of Goa and is spoken by thousands of Konkani in Maharashtra, Karnrataka and Kerala. It was added in 1992 by 71st Amendment.

8.

Malayalam

Belong to the Dravidian family and is the official language of Kerala.

9.

Manipuri

It is the official language of Manipur. It was added in 1992 by 71st Amendment.

10.

Marathi

It is an Indo­Aryan language and is the official language of Maharashtra.

11.

Nepali

It is spoken in parts of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam etc. It was added in 1992 by 71st Amendment.

12.

Oriya

It is an Indo­Aryan language and is the official language of Odisha.

13.

Punjabi

It is an Indo­Aryan language and is the official language of Punjab.

14.

Sanskrit

It is one of earliest language of the World. Early Sanskrit is known as Vedic Sanskrit and covers the period between 2000 and 500 BC.

15.

Sindhi

It is an Indo­Aryan language. It was added in 1967 by 21st Amendment.

16.

Tamil

It is the oldest of the Dravidian language and is the official language of Tamil Nadu.

17.

Telegu

It is numerically the biggest of the Dravidian languages and is the official language of Andhra Pradesh.

18.

Urdu

It is the official language of Jammu and Kashmir. • Modern Urdu developed due to the efforts of Sir Sayyed Ahmed Khan (1817–1898).

19.

Dogri

It is generally spoken in Himachal Pradesh and Jammu. It is a combination of ancient Sanskrit and Pahari Dogri Languages. It has been added by the 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003.

20.

Maithili

It is Chiefly spoken in the Maithilianchal region of Bihar. It is the second state language of Bihar. It has been added by the 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003.

21.

Santhali

It is Chiefly spoken in the area of Chhotanagpur Plateau in Jharkhand and Bihar. It has been added by the 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003.

 

22.

Bodo

It is chiefly spoken in Assam and its adjoining North­East States. It is been added by the 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003.