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| Last Updated:: 03/08/2018

Sustainable Development Goal-13

Climate Action




The Government of Uttar Pradesh is committed to achieving sustainable rapid economic growth by mainstreaming climate action into government policy and planning.


The government envisions implementing projects and programmes on adaptation and mitigation, building resilience to climate-related disasters and hazards, and reducing carbon footprint so as to minimize the impact of climate change, with special emphasis on the most vulnerable sections of society, sectors and regions. It targets building institutional capacities, creating awareness and raising resources for formulating and implementing eco-friendly policies with concrete outcomes and outputs that are measurable, verifiable and can be monitored.


          Uttar Pradesh has embarked on a comprehensive State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC). Action on climate change requires planning, execution and investment for strengthening resilience, adaptive capacity and mitigation. An enabling regulatory and well-designed policy framework is required that links all sectors of the economy and drives public and private initiatives. Capacity for execution needs to be enhanced by appropriate training of government personnel, and where required extension to the private sector. Resources in the private sector are required to complement public funding. Additionally, gender mainstreaming of all its interventions, particularly those related to livelihood generation like agriculture, forestry and watershed management, are essential if impact is to be broad-based and sustainable. In this context, SAPCC addresses the inter-sectoral and complex nature of the challenge, the need for resources (both public and private), and the imperative of participation from individuals and private organizations, in a spirit of partnership.


Climate change poses a threat to sustainability of human existence. Through changing temperatures, erratic precipitation and rising sea levels, amongst other factors, global climate change is modifying hazard levels and exacerbating disaster risks in different sectors and countries. It is increasingly recognized that populations, especially the poor, of developing and least developed nations are most vulnerable to its impacts on account of their poor resilience, adaptive capacity and access to resources for mitigation. Rising temperatures exposes populations to health risks, erratic precipitation threatens agricultural productivity, thereby impacting the means of livelihood of the poor and food security of nations, and straining resources of resource-poor economies.


Uttar Pradesh, where 29.43 per cent of the population lies below the poverty line according to the Annual Report published by Reserve Bank of India in 2013, is home almost to one-fifth of India's poor. Planning for action to combat climate change assumes urgency in the state, even more so on account of the substantial vulnerable poor population, which has limited access to health services, income options, education opportunities, and depends on weather-sensitive sectors for livelihood.


          UP is India's fifth largest state and home to one sixth of the country's population. The state is highly diverse in geography, land cover, weather patterns (extremes of temperature and precipitation) and water resources (dry to flood-prone areas). Climate change threatens to amplify climate variability, resulting in amplification of extremes in temperature, rainfall, forest cover, etc. Going by projections, the annual rainfall is predicted to increase by 15 per cent to 20 per cent in the 2050s as compared to the baseline, and further by 25 per cent to 35 per cent towards the 2080s, and with higher inter annual variability towards 2080s.


The maximum temperature is also predicted to increase by 1.8 degree centigrade to 2.1 degree centigrade during this period. This shall directly and indirectly impact resources and vulnerability. For more details click here…